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The Ultimate Guide to Kenya’s Most Lucrative Agricultural Products for Young Farmers

Agriculture is a crucial sector in Kenya’s economy, providing employment to millions of people and contributing significantly to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). As a young farmer, you have an opportunity to tap into the potential of the agricultural industry and create a profitable business. However, starting a farm can be challenging, especially when it comes to selecting the right crops and livestock to grow.

That’s where this article comes in. We have created the ultimate guide to Kenya’s most lucrative agricultural products, providing you with the information you need to make informed decisions about your farming ventures. By the end of this article, you’ll have a good understanding of the different types of crops and livestock that are most profitable in Kenya and the best practices for growing and raising them.

Our aim is to equip you with the necessary knowledge and skills to build a successful farming business. We want to help you maximize your profits while minimizing risks and challenges. Whether you’re a seasoned farmer looking to diversify your operations or a beginner looking to start, this guide has something for everyone.

So, get ready to learn about the most profitable agricultural products in Kenya and start your journey to becoming a successful young farmer.

Cash Crops

Cash crops are agricultural products that can be sold for cash, and they are a major component of the global economy. They provide an important source of income for farmers around the world, particularly in developing countries. In Kenya, there is potential to earn significant profits from growing cash crops such as avocado, coffee, tea, macadamia nuts, and onion farming.



The demand for avocados has surged in recent years, making it one of Kenyas most lucrative agricultural exports. In 2019, Kenya exported over 13,000 metric tons of avocados worth $30 million dollars. This made Kenya one of the top 10 exporters of avocados in the world.

Avocados are also becoming increasingly popular among health-conscious consumers due to their high vitamin and mineral content. Growing avocados requires relatively little effort compared to other cash crops, making it ideal for small-scale farmers.



Coffee is another highly profitable cash crop in Kenya. The country produces some of the finest Arabica beans in the world, which command premium prices on the international market. Coffee production in Kenya has increased significantly over the past decade; exports exceeded $1 billion in 2018 alone.

Smallholder farmers have been able to benefit from this growth, with many relying on coffee as their primary source of income.


Kenya is one of the largest producers of tea in the world, and it is a major contributor to the country’s economy. Kenyan tea is renowned for its quality and flavour, and it is exported to dozens of countries around the globe. Tea plantations require a considerable amount of land and labour, but the rewards can be substantial. Many small-scale farmers in rural areas have been able to reap the benefits of Kenya’s thriving tea industry.

Macadamia Nuts

Macadamia Nuts

Macadamia nuts are becoming increasingly popular worldwide, and they are another lucrative cash crop in Kenya. Macadamias grow naturally in tropical climates, and they thrive in the rich soil of the western region of Kenya.

Demand for macadamia nuts is rising rapidly, and Kenyan farmers have leveraged this opportunity by cultivating them on a large scale.

Onion Farming

Onions are an essential part of the human diet, and they are one of the oldest cultivated crops in the world. In Kenya, onions are grown mainly for export, and they have become very profitable for local farmers.

Onions are easy to produce and don’t require much space or labor, making them well suited for small-scale operations. With the right knowledge and resources, farmers can achieve good yields and make a healthy profit from onion farming.

Overall, Kenya offers numerous opportunities for small-scale farmers who are looking to increase their income through cash crops. By investing in the right crops and following best practices, these farmers can take advantage of the booming markets for avocados, coffee, tea, macadamia nuts, and onions.

Livestock Farming

Animal farming

Livestock farming is an important part of agriculture, providing essential food sources and revenue for many farmers in East Africa. With the right strategies in place, it can be a lucrative field to pursue. Below are some of the most profitable livestock products in Kenya that could help you bring in income:

Dairy Farming

Diary farming

Dairy farming has been around in Kenya for centuries and is still one of the most profitable areas of livestock production. Traditionally, dairy farmers produced milk from cows, but there’s also potential to produce other dairy products like butter, cheese, yoghurt, and ice cream.

The key to success is to ensure that your herd is healthy and well-managed. Investing in good genetics and maintaining proper feeding regimes can significantly bolster milk yields.

Poultry Farming

poultry farming

Poultry farming is another popular option in Kenya and involves raising chickens, ducks, geese, or turkeys among other birds. This type of farming is relatively low-cost and provides an excellent source of protein for households.

Additionally, depending on the species, poultry eggs can fetch a high price at markets. To maximize profits, focus on disease prevention and ensure that your flock is receiving balanced nutrition.

Pig Farming

pig farming

Although pig farming may not be as common as other types of livestock production in Kenya, it can still provide a great return on investment. Pigs are hardy animals and require minimal resources to raise.

They also have a short gestation period which makes it easy to quickly expand your herd.

Depending on the market demand, selling pork, lard, bacon, and various byproducts of pigs can be very lucrative.

Beef Farming

Beef Farming

Beef farming is yet another avenue for generating income through livestock production. In this case, farmers will be responsible for breeding and raising cattle in order to sell their meat and hides.

It can take more time and money to successfully manage a beef farm, but with careful attention given to animal health and management, considerable profits can be made.

Furthermore, since leather products are so highly sought after, the sale of cowhide can prove to be quite lucrative.

Fish Farming

Fish Farming

Fish farming is a lucrative business that provides a steady source of income for farmers, contributes to food security, and helps to conserve wild fish populations.

Kenya has several freshwater sources, including lakes, rivers, and dams, which provide ideal conditions for fish farming. The most commonly farmed fish species in Kenya include tilapia, catfish, and trout. Each species has its unique characteristics and requirements, and farmers can choose which one to rear based on their farming goals, market demand, and the local climate.

One of the benefits of fish farming is its high profitability. Fish mature quickly, and the production cycle is relatively short, allowing farmers to make significant profits within a short time. Fish are also in high demand and command a good price in the market, making it an attractive investment for young farmers.

With the right approach, livestock farming can be a rewarding business venture. By focusing on the abovementioned options, you could increase your chances of generating significant returns. However, bear in mind that animal welfare should always be top priority and make sure to adhere to all relevant regulations.

Staple Crops in the Kenyan Market

Staple crops are a critical component of the global food supply and have become increasingly important in recent years. In Kenya, staple crops such as maize, beans, sorghum, and sweet potatoes remain essential to many people’s diets—providing energy, nutrition, and sustenance for communities around the country. They are also important to grow for family and national food security.


Maize farming

Maize is one of the most popular grains grown in Kenya and has been cultivated there since ancient times. It is highly nutritious and provides an excellent source of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. For farmers, it is an incredibly profitable crop that can be used as animal feed or processed into flour.



Beans are another important staple crop in Kenya and are often combined with maize or other grains in traditional dishes. They provide a good source of protein and contain high levels of iron and phosphorus, making them a nutritious addition to any meal.

In addition, they are easy to grow and require minimal maintenance, making them a great option for small-scale farmers.



Sorghum is a cereal grain that is commonly consumed in parts of Kenya. It is known for its drought resistance, allowing farmers to harvest healthy yields even during times of extreme heat or dryness.

This makes it an ideal choice for regions where water is scarce, and it is also packed with nutrients including manganese, copper, zinc, magnesium, and vitamin B1.

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes

Sweet potatoes are a versatile vegetable that can be cooked in a variety of ways and serve as an excellent source of carotenoids, dietary fiber, antioxidants, and Vitamin A. The roots can be harvested year-round and stored long-term without spoiling, making them an ideal crop for Kenya’s hot climate.

Additionally, sweet potatoes are relatively easy to plant and maintain, making them perfect for farmers just starting out.

In conclusion, these four staple crops play a major role in the Kenyan economy and in the diets of many people across the country. Whether you’re a large-scale farmer looking to diversify your portfolio or a young entrepreneur trying to make a living off the land, understanding the importance of these crops can help you succeed in the agricultural sector.

Value-Added Agriculture: Unlocking Profits Through Innovation

In recent years, value-added agriculture has become increasingly popular among farmers looking to optimize their profits. But what exactly is it? Value-added agriculture is the process of transforming raw agricultural products into more profitable items by adding value through processing and packaging. This type of innovation can help farmers increase revenues and expand their customer base – a win-win for everyone involved!

Examples in the private sector

From dairy processing to fruit juice production, honey processing, and vegetable canning, there are numerous examples of value-added agriculture in Kenya. Let’s look at each one in greater detail.

Dairy Processing

The most common example of value-added agriculture in Kenya is dairy processing. By taking fresh milk from cows and goats, producers can turn it into high-value goods including yogurt, cheese, butter, ice cream, and other products.

This transformation not only adds value to the product, but it also opens up new markets and opportunities for growth and profitability.

Fruit Juice Production

fruit juice processing

Another great example of value-added agriculture in Kenya is fruit juice production. By processing and bottling locally grown fruits, producers have been able to tap into previously untapped markets and create an entirely new revenue stream.

Not only does this add value to the local economy, but it also brings delicious and healthy beverages to consumers.

Honey Processing

Honey processing

Kenya is home to some of the world’s best raw honey, which can be processed into various forms such as creamed and liquid honey. By producing these different forms of honey, producers can reach additional markets and sell their products for higher prices than unprocessed honey.

The added value of honey processing makes it a prime example of successful value-added agriculture in Kenya.

Vegetable Canning

Finally, vegetable canning is another great way to add value to agricultural produce. By preserving vegetables in cans, producers can extend shelf life and transport them over long distances without fear of spoilage.

This allows them to access wider markets and capture larger profit margins on their products.

In conclusion, value-added agriculture is an incredibly powerful tool for Kenyan farmers looking to maximize their profits. By investing in processing and packaging techniques, producers can unlock new markets and achieve success far beyond traditional farming.

With a little bit of creativity and a lot of hard work, value-added agriculture can be a game changer for any farmer willing to put in the effort.


As young farmers, you may have a lot of questions about starting an agricultural business in Kenya. Here are some of the most common questions and their answers:

What are the best crops to grow in Kenya?

The best crops to grow in Kenya depend on various factors such as climate, soil type, and market demand. Some of the most profitable crops in Kenya include avocado, coffee, tea, garlic farming, mushroom farming and macadamia nuts.

How do I determine which crop is the most profitable to grow?

To determine which crop is the most profitable to grow, you need to consider various factors such as market demand, production costs, and potential yield. Conducting thorough market research and consulting with agricultural experts can help you make an informed decision.

How much land do I need to start a farm in Kenya?

The amount of land you need to start a farm in Kenya depends on the type of farming you want to do and the scale of your operations. For small-scale farming, you can start with as little as a quarter of an acre, while large-scale farming may require several acres of land.

Is it possible to get financing for my agricultural business?

Yes, it is possible to get financing for your agricultural business in Kenya. There are various institutions that offer loans, grants, and other forms of financial assistance to young farmers, such as the Agricultural Finance Corporation, the Youth Enterprise Development Fund, and the Kenya Climate Innovation Center.


As a young farmer in Kenya, the agricultural industry presents a wealth of opportunities to explore. In this guide, we have explored some of the most lucrative agricultural products in the country, including both cash crops and livestock farming.

From the high high-value crops avocados, horticultural products and coffee to the profitability of dairy farming and pig farming, there is no shortage of options for young farmers looking to get started in this industry. We have also highlighted some of the challenges and obstacles that may come with starting an agricultural business in Kenya, such as securing financing and navigating regulations.

However, with the right knowledge, resources, and support, young farmers can overcome these challenges and build successful and sustainable agricultural businesses in Kenya.

So, we encourage you to explore the opportunities available and take advantage of the potential for growth and profitability in Kenya’s agriculture sector.

Good luck!

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